What Agreement Was Made At The Munich Conference

The economic consequences of the Munich agreement will certainly be very severe for Czechoslovakia. The loss of industries, railwayheads, knots, etc., cannot help but cause a sharp loss of trade and unemployment. There is no doubt that Czechoslovakia becomes the object of quasi-colonial exploitation for Germany. From 1935, Poland established a secret Polish organization in the Zaolzie region. [68] In the summer of 1938, Poland attempted to organize guerrilla groups in the region. [68] On 21 September, Poland formally requested a direct transfer of the area under its own control. [69] This was associated with the deployment of the army along the Czechoslovakian border on the 23rd. and on 24 September, and by order to cross the border with Czechoslovakia and attack Czechoslovakian units by the so-called “combat units” of the Zaolzie and Zaolzie Poles, a paramilitary organization under the authority of the army command and composed of volunteers from all over Poland. [68] However, they were repelled by Czechoslovakian troops and withdrew to Poland. [68] On 13 September, after the arrival of violence and internal unrest in Czechoslovakia, Chamberlain asked Hitler to meet face-to-face to find a solution to avoid war. [29] Chamberlain arrived in Germany on 15 September by plane, then came to Hitler`s residence in Berchtesgaden for a meeting.

[30] Henlein flew to Germany on the same day. [29] On that day, Hitler and Chamberlain held talks in which Hitler insisted that the Sudeten Germans should be able to exercise the right to national self-determination and join the Sudetenland with Germany. Hitler also expressed his concern to Chamberlain about what he considered British “threats.” [30] Chamberlain replied that he had not made “threats” and asked Hitler, frustrated: “Why did I come here to waste my time?” [30] Hitler replied that if Chamberlain was willing to accept the self-determination of the Sudeten Germans, he would be willing to discuss it. [30] Chamberlain and Hitler had three hours of discussions, and the meeting was interrupted. Chamberlain returned to the UK and met with his firm to discuss the matter. [30] The Czechoslovakians fought and mobilized the army. A quarter of a million disgruntled Czechs gathered in front of the Rudolfinum in Prague, where senior communist official Klement Gottwald spoke to them. France also began mobilizing its troops in the event, which looked like an imminent war. President Beneé refused to start a war without Western forces supporting it. Although Hitler requested that Czechoslovakia abandon the Sudetenland before 28 September or that war broke out, the Munich Agreement was not signed until 1:30 a.m. .m on 30 September, although it was dated 29 September. The signatories were Hitler, the British chamberlain, the French Prime Minister Edouard Daladier and Italy Mussolini.

The Sudetenland would join the Empire until 10 October and the fate of other territories would be decided by an international commission. Britain and France have stepped up and told Czechoslovakia that they must fight alone against Germany or act under the Munich agreements. The Munich Pact was an agreement reached on 29 September 1938 in Munich between Germany, Great Britain, France and Italy on the abandonment of the territory to Germany. After Poland learned that populated territories in Poland were to be transferred to Germany, Poland issued a note to the Czechoslovak government regarding the immediate conclusion of an agreement providing for the unquestionable occupation of Polish territory by Polish troops; An agreement on referendums is expected to follow in districts with a large proportion of the Polish population. [75] On September 15, 1938, In the face of high tensions between the Germans and the Czechoslovakian government, the heirs secretly proposed giving 6,000 square kilometres to Czechoslovakia to Germany, in exchange for a German accession agreement of 1.5 to 2.0 million South German Germans that would expel Czechoslovakia.