Mrs. Gandhi, was held in Simla from June 28 to July 2, 1972. The two countries reached an agreement on 2 July. The agreement contained elements of a previous Indian draft, but the text was significantly amended. In particular, the ceasefire line clause in Kashmir has been reformulated to make it acceptable to Pakistan. The summit conference between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla on the agreed date. The summit conference was held from June 28 to July 2, 1972. The objective of the agreement was to define the measures envisaged to normalize bilateral relations and to resolve mutual disputes through peaceful means and bilateral negotiations. India wanted to solve all the problems in one package, so it proposed a treaty of friendship that required the two countries to refrain from the use of force in dispute resolution, not to interfere in each other`s internal affairs, not to participate in the settlement of their disputes and to renounce military alliances directed against each other. Pakistan wanted to focus on issues as immediate as the release of prisoners of war, the withdrawal of troops and the resumption of diplomatic relations. It rejected the Indian proposal on the grounds that it would imply a lasting adoption of the partition of Kashmir and the withdrawal of the UN Kashmir dispute.
The summit conference between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla on the agreed date. The Simla Agreement Conference was held from June 28 to July 2, 1972. Donald Trump`s offer to help India and Pakistan resolve the Kashmir issue became a major controversy after India rejected the US president`s claim that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had requested it. As the U.S. government tries to downplay Trump`s remarks by calling the Kashmir issue “bilateral” to “discuss India and Pakistan,” the focus has shifted again to previous “bilateral agreements,” whose 1972 Simla Agreement (or Shimla Agreement), signed by then-Indian and Pakistani Prime Ministers Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto , for friendly relations between the two countries. (iii) Withdrawals will begin on the effective date of this agreement and will be concluded within 30 days.  The Simla Agreement was signed on 2 July 1972 by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto following a war between India and Pakistan in 1971. February 2007 – Pakistan and India sign an agreement to reduce the risk of accidental nuclear war. Pakistan ratified the Simla Agreement on 15 July 1972 and India was ratified on 3 August of the same year, effective 4 August 1972.
The Simla Agreement ensured the withdrawal of troops from territories occupied by both sides during the war, with the exception of Kashmir. Over the next two years, all prisoners of war had returned home. The Simla Agreement was signed on 3 July 1972 in Shimla, the capital of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, between India and Pakistan.  This led to the war of liberation of Bangladesh in 1971, which led to the independence of Bangladesh, formerly known as East Pakistan and part of the territory of Pakistan.